Monday, 7 May 2012

The Cosmological Argument

Higher RMPS:  Morality in the Modern World
Higher Philosophy:  Metaphysics

The Cosmological Argument appears in both the Higher RMPS paper and the Higher Philosophy paper. You will have studied this as part of the Belief & Science section in RMPS and the Metaphysics section of Philosophy. You will have, or should have, secure knowledge of this – now you just have to be able to answer a question on it.

In RMPS the questions are in two parts, KU and AE. KU questions are worth little marks and ask for a simple explanation of the Cosmological Argument (NOTE: although they're worth very little marks they're still easy marks you should be cleaning up). AE questions will ask you to expand on what you know, testing the argument, and offering comment:

>  Describe the Cosmological Argument (4 KU, Higher RMPS, 2011, Paper 1, question 2a).

>  To what extent is the Big Bang Theory compatible with the Cosmological Argument? (4 AE, Higher RMPS, 2011, Paper 1, question 2b).

>  In what ways does the cosmological argument answer the questions about the origins of the universe? (4 AE, Higher RMPS, 2010, Paper 1, question 2a).

>  Describe the key features of the cosmological argument (4 KU, Higher RMPS, 2008, Paper 1, question 2c).

In Higher Philosophy you are normally asked a combined question weighting 10KU and 10AE where you will be expected to explain the argument, its application, and evaluate it:

>  Discuss the Cosmological Argument for the existence of God (10KU/10AE, Higher Philosophy, 2011, question 2).

>  How successful is the cosmological argument in proving the existence of God? (10KU/10AE, Higher Philosophy, 2010, question 2).

As with all questions you need to apply a very basic structure to your answer, this will allow you to show a progressive answer, picking up as many marks as possible along the way. This is the PowerPoint I used in class with you, trimmed down for this page. This will refresh your basic KU.

The next step is to understand the type of questions and formulate a plan of how to answer them. As you know I prefer a simple 1-2-3 approach and I'll apply that to these questions. Firstly, let us look at the main points you want to cover in your KU answer:

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